Ten Famous Animal Astronauts Who Were Sent Into Deep Space
The first insects to invade space were two spiders named Anita and Arabella who were sent off in the Skylab 3 mission in 1973. The project was to study the effect of weightlessness on the power of web construction. Surprisingly scientists found that web construction didn’t just last longer, it was also of finer quality. Tragically though both spiders died of dehydration. Their boidies are on display at the Smithsonian.
Enos was the first chimp to be sent into space and orbit the Earth as part of a NASA programme in November 1962. Earlier NASA had sent a monkey named Ham into space in 1961. In 1948, a filed attempt to send a rhesus monkey named Albert into space aboard a V2 rocket resulted in the animal dying through dehydration.
Laika the dog was the most famous animal astronaut to be sent into space by the Soviets aboard Sputnik 2 on 3rd November 1957. Unfortunately she died after a few hours from stress and overheating. It was only during the 1960’s that space technology developed to ensure the safety and success of animals and humans into space.